A common verbal greeting is “Salam” or “Salam alaikum”, meaning “Peace be upon you”. People usually place their right hand over their heart when they speak, to show respect and sincerity in the greeting. Greetings are usually prolonged as each person enquires about the other.

Gender Greeting Response
Singular
Masculine
ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَيْكَ ٱلسَّلَامُ
[as.sa.laː.mu ʕa.laj.ka] [wa.ʕa.laj.ka‿s.sa.laː.mu]
as-salāmu ʿalayka wa ʿalayka s-salāmu
Singular
Feminine
ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكِ وَعَلَيْكِ ٱلسَّلَامُ
[as.sa.laː.mu ʕa.laj.ki] [wa.ʕa.laj.ki‿s.sa.laː.mu]
as-salāmu ʿalayki wa ʿalayki s-salāmu
Dual
Unisex
ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمَا وَعَلَيْكُمَا ٱلسَّلَامُ
[as.sa.laː.mu ʕa.laj.ku.maː] [wa.ʕa.laj.ku.maː‿s.sa.laː.mu]
as-salāmu ʿalaykumā wa ʿalaykumā s-salāmu
Plural
Masculine
ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَلَيْكُمُ ٱلسَّلَامُ
[as.sa.laː.mu ʕa.laj.kum] [wa.ʕa.laj.ku.mu‿s.sa.laː.mu]
as-salāmu ʿalaykum wa ʿalaykumu s-salāmu
Plural
Feminine
ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُنَّ وَعَلَيْكُنَّ ٱلسَّلَامُ
[as.sa.laː.mu ʕa.laj.kun.na] [wa.ʕa.laj.kun.na‿s.sa.laː.mu]
as-salāmu ʿalaykunna wa ʿalaykunna s-salāmu
The expression commonly uses the second person plural masculine, even when used to address one person. It may be modified by choosing the appropriate enclitic pronoun to address a person in the masculine and feminine singular form, the dual form, or the feminine plural form. The conjugations are as follows (note: according to the standard pronunciation rules of Classical Arabic, the last short vowel in each word is not pronounced in pausa)